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Ocean recreational salmon season alternatives set

March 14, 2022

Ocean Salmon Season Overview:

The number of adult fall-run Chinook salmon forecast to be swimming off the coast of California seems to be trending upward from last year. That was the good news delivered on March 2nd, 2022’s annual Ocean Salmon Information meeting hosted by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife.

The number of Sacramento River fall-run Chinook salmon predicted in the ocean this season is 396,458 compared to 271,000 last year, a 45-percent increase. This year’s ocean abundance for the Klamath River also came in above the 2021 forecast, with 200,100 adult fall Chinook salmon predicted to be in the ocean. Although an improvement, it’s still well below the stock’s historical levels.

Even with an increase in ocean abundance, both commercial and recreational anglers will likely face tougher restrictions this year to protect the Klamath stocks. One of the main reasons behind the restrictions is the harvest rate of 4-year-old Klamath fall Chinook. The harvest rate is currently set at a maximum of 16 percent. In 2021, the harvest rate shot up to 27 percent, mainly due to the Klamath salmon intermixing with the Sacramento fall run in the San Francisco Bay region, where the baitfish were plentiful. This concentration of both stocks also made them vulnerable to sport and commercial anglers.

The Klamath, where the fall-run Chinook were declared overfished in 2018, is also lagging in adults and jacks returning to the river. In 2021, 64,591 adults returned, which is just 54 percent of the historical average. In addition, the two-year-olds or jacks, were also well short of long-term averages. Last year 10,384 returned, 60 percent of average. These low returns have led to years of missed natural escapement numbers. In 2021, the natural escapement objective was 31,574 but just 30,196 were counted. The geometric mean of adult natural escapement for the past three years is 25,111, which is well short of the minimum floor escapement of 40,700. A whopping 85,251 natural area spawners are necessary in 2022 for the stock to be considered rebuilt.

What the PFMC chooses to do with these numbers will be determined in the next couple of months. The PFMC met with sub panels and advisory boards March 8 through March 14 in San Jose to determine whether any in-season actions are required for fisheries scheduled to open prior to May 16. They also crafted three regulatory alternatives for ocean salmon fisheries in effect on or after May 16. Final adoption of alternatives for public review is tentatively scheduled for March 14. To view the salmon preseason meeting process, visit

— Kenny Priest from Fishing the North Coast

March 8-14, 2022
PFMC March Meeting Description
San Jose, CA

The California ocean salmon season models are now set from the Pacific Fisheries Management Council or PFMC council meetings from San Jose. The salmon technical team, the salmon advisory panel and some CA Dept., of Fish & Wildlife or CDFW staff have been meeting for eight days reviewing the compiled 2021 ocean salmon data.

NCGASA president James Stone has been attending the meetings and has been working 12-14 hours a day helping shape the ocean salmon seasons as well as trying to balance everyone’s fishing opportunities in the four Northern California recreational zones (S.F., Monterey & South, Fort Bragg and the Klamath (KMZ).

The salmon advisory sub panel is comprised of four seats appointed by the state to represent the public. The two sportsmen reps are James Stone from NCGASA and Jim Yarnell from Calif Sport Fisheries out of Eureka. John Atkinson out of Sausalito representing the Calif charter boat fleet and Golden Gate Fishermen’s Association. George Bradshaw out of Crescent City represents the commercial troll fleet. These four advisors advocate for the best fishing opportunities based on the previous year’s data.

The rough numbers:

  • The Sacramento, Feather and American rivers’ Fall salmon abundance was recorded at 396,000 fish — these are fish swimming in the ocean from Sept. 1 to the following August 31.
  • The Klamath Fall salmon abundance (fish abundance is a measure of the number or amount of a fish in a given area) was recorded as 201,000 as 3, 4, 5 year-olds. Overall, 600,000 fish are estimated to be swimming in the ocean that are of harvestable size.
  • A 20% natural mortality rate (the natural mortality rate (M) is a key parameter for modeling age-structured fish population dynamics. M can be defined as the proportion of fish dying from all causes except fishing (e.g., senescence, predation, cannibalism, disease, and pollution) is an average that will be factored in for every month.
  • Best guess: The North has around 475,000 fish swimming in the ocean when the salmon season starts and then those numbers drop off every month. You figure your escapement (escapement is a term used in salmon management to mean, quite simply, how many salmon are able to “escape” premature death and complete their full life cyclenumbers after these factors are considered.
  • NOAA guidance from the Federal government: 165,000 fish for the Sacramento escapement. Normally they are only required to set it as 122,000 which is the minimum number. NOAA heard from the public and NCGASA members at the March 2nd CDWF info., meeting that they needed to set the number higher. The State of CA advocated for a higher threshold number of 180,000 based on the current science and public comment. At 180,000 minimum escapement – which would be the maximum threshold standard from 122K to 180K. They basically advocated for 58,000 more fish for escapement.
  • The state also advocated for the Klamath for 38,180 natural spawners to come back.

A) Recreational Ocean Zones:

B) Recreational-Management-Alternatives PDF file for download

C) Official PFMC press release: Alternatives for 2022 West Coast Ocean Salmon Fisheries: CLICK HERE

Season Models — also considered bookends as they can be blended together

The Zone Breakdown


Klamath (KMZ)

  • Alt 1: May 1 – May 31, August 1 – September 5 (20 inches)
  • Alt 2: May 1 – May 31, July 1 – 4, August 1 – 31 (20 inches)
  • Alt 3: July 1 – July 24 (24 inches)

There will be a public hearing on the three alternatives on March 22nd in Eureka at the Red Lion Hotel at 7pm. This is an opportunity to voice your opinion on the option you prefer. If you don’t wish to attend in person you are encouraged to submit a letter to the PFMC stating your preference.

Fort Bragg

  • Alt 1: May 1-May 31, July 1 – Nov. 13 (20 inches)
  • Alt 2: May 1 – July 4, July 22- Oct. 31 (20 inches)
  • Alt 3: May 1 – Sept. 30 (24 inches)

San Francisco

  • Alt 1: April 2 to May 15 (24 inches). May 16-May 31 (20 inches), July 1 to Nov. 13 (20 inches)
  • Alt 2: April 2 – May 15 (24 inches), July 1 to Oct. 31 (20 inches)
  • Alt 3: April 2 – April 30, June 20 – Sept. 30 (24 inches)

Monterey and South
Note: No Klamath impacts

  • Alt 1: April 2 to May 15 (24 inches ). From May 16 – Oct. 2 (20 inches)
  • Alt 2: April 2 – Oct. 2 (24 inches)
  • Alt 3: April 2 – May 15 (24 inches), May 16 – Oct. 2 (20 inches)

The final dates for each zone will be decided during the April 6th through 13th  PFMC meeting in Seattle. Click meeting schedule below to read.

*Information compiled by James Stone, NCGASA President

Dates that were decided on:

The PFMC adopted these dates for the 2022 recreational ocean salmon season. For more info (
• CA KMZ (Klamath Management Zone)
May 1 – 31 and Aug 1 – Sept 5
20″ size limit
• Fort Bragg
May 1 – July 4 and July 22 – Sept 5
20″ size limit
• San Francisco
April 2 – May 31 and June 23 – Oct 31
24″ size limit through May 15 and 20″ thereafter
• Monterey
April 2 – Oct 2
24″ size limit through May 15 and 20″ thereafter

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